Difference between technical and fundamental analysis

Difference between technical and fundamental analysis

How do you take decisions in life regarding anything. Your answer will definitely include on the basis of information either what we already have or will acquire information related to the field. Similarly, when you come to stock market how will you take your trading and investing decisions? Fundamental analysis and technical analysis are two school of thoughts that will be your answer. This article is going to be on what is the difference between technical and fundamental analysis. And much more.

What is Technical Analysis?

Technical Analysis is the study of market action, primarily through the use of charts, for the purpose of forecasting future price trends. Technical traders acknowledge the importance of price. They understand that price is the end result of all market participants’ analysis and decision making, and they believe that careful analysis of price movements can sometimes reveal areas of market imbalance that can offer opportunities for superior risk-adjusted profits.

Technical analysis methods are used to examine how supply and demand for a securities effect price, volume, and implied volatility variations. It is based on the concept that a security’s historical trading activity and price fluctuations can be useful indications of the security’s future price movements when combined with appropriate investment or trading guidelines.

It is frequently used to produce short-term trading signals from various charting tools, but it can also aid in determining a security’s strength or weakness in relation to the larger market or one of its sectors. This data assists analysts in improving their overall valuation estimate.

Underlying Assumptions of Technical Analysis

Technical analysis seeks to understand the market sentiment underlying price fluctuations by looking for patterns and trends.

Dow’s work is being used in the field of technical analysis today. Professional analysts commonly accept three broad assumptions about the discipline:

  1. The market discounts everything: – 
  1. Price moves in trends: –
  1. History tends to repeat itself: –

Using Technical Analysis:

Technical analysis can be applied to any security that has previous trading data. This comprises equities, futures, commodities, fixed-income instruments, currencies, and other securities. In fact, technical analysis is significantly more common in commodities and FX markets, where traders are concerned with short-term price swings.

Technical analysis is most typically used to analyse price fluctuations, although some analysts track other variables as well, such as trading volume or open interest figures. There are many traders who make their trading decisions solely from plain candlesticks chart. The use of indicators is very common in technical analysis.

With this we end one part of our discussion on difference between technical analysis and fundamental analysis. We will now move to the next part which is about fundamental analysis.

What is Fundamental Analysis?

Fundamental Analysis takes into account all of the aspects that are important to the business. Financial statements, economic considerations, industry, management method, and so forth. Fundamental analysis can assist assess if a stock is overpriced or underpriced by determining the firm’s fundamental worth.

As a result, fundamental analysis is a thorough examination of the numerous elements that influence the price of a company. As a result, fundamental research will allow you to determine whether the company is valued in line with the larger market. It considers both micro and macroeconomic factors that influence the stock price. As a result, this comprehensive research will assist in determining the stock’s intrinsic value.

Some of the qualitative and quantitative measures used in the fundamental analysis are as follows:

Qualitative Indicators

  • Business Model
  • Business Cycles
  • Customer Base
  • Management Competency
  • Corporate Governance
  • Industry-wide Growth
  • Intangible Assets
  • Competitive Edge

Quantitative Indicators

  • Total Profit
  • Company’s Annual Revenue
  • Accounting Ratios
  • Tangible Assets

In addition to the foregoing, various socioeconomic factors influence the stock’s intrinsic value. If the intrinsic value of a stock is less than its current market price, the stock is undervalued. If, on the other hand, the stock’s intrinsic worth exceeds its present market price, the stock is overpriced.

As a result, analysts believe it is an excellent time to buy undervalued stocks. As a result, it is expected that they would produce higher long-term returns. For overpriced equities, on the other hand, a short position will be assumed with the expectation of a future price drop.

And now we covered both parts of our discussion on difference between technical analysis and fundamental analysis.

When Should You Use Fundamental and Technical Analysis?

Fundamental and technical analysis are appropriate for different types of investors. On the one hand, fundamental analysis is appropriate for persons with a long-term investing horizon. Technical analysis, on the other hand, is appropriate for short-term traders.

Long Term Investing:

Long-term investing, as opposed to short-term trading, needs a more in-depth analytical approach. Thus, the intrinsic value of a stock can be estimated by studying numerous micro and macro elements. As a result, investors can learn which stocks will deliver the best long-term returns based on their basic merits using this strategy.

Short Term Trading:

Technical analysis aids in determining a stock’s short-term earning potential. As a result, stock price projections are based on historical data and will only be valid in the short term. As a result, they are ineligible for long-term purchasing.

With this we conclude our discussion on difference between technical and fundamental analysis. 


We hope you understood both the school of thoughts very well. Fundamental analysis and technical analysis are two theory that has stood test of time and is widely used in today’s financial market. Difference between technical and fundamental analysis is also one of the most asked questions in the finance market by beginners. This article answers the same.

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Happy learning.

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